Medical Digital Infrared Thermal Imaging (DITI or Thermography), is a non-invasive assessment technique that converts infrared radiation (heat) emitted from the skin surface into electrical impulses that are visualized in colour. The spectrum of colors indicate an increase or decrease in the amount of infrared radiation being emitted from the body surface to graphically map the body temperature and is referred to as a thermogram. The spectrum of colours indicate an increase or decrease in the amount of infrared radiation being emitted from the body surface. Since there is a high degree of thermal symmetry in the normal body, subtle abnormal temperature asymmetry’s can be easily identified. It is used in conjunction with other laboratory findings to assist your practitioner in formulating a health care plan. Thermography has been used extensively in human medicine for the past 20 years.
Thermography is a painless, non-invasive, state of the art clinical test without any exposure to radiation. It is a safe Scanning Method for the Body including breast health, pain & inflammation and cardiovascular risk.
Test Options Include
- Regional & Consult (Breast/Prostate)
- Wellness & Consult (Breast, Thyroid & Uterus)
- Full Body & Consult (Body)
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What is Digital Thermography?
Digital Infrared Thermographic Imaging, or more commonly known as Thermography, is a non-invasive test using an infrared camera to measure and pinpoint abnormal thermal changes within the body. The camera gauges body tissue heat energy that is then reflected on a high-speed computer for imaging. Generally, problems that may warrant further testing show high temperatures due to increased blood flow and increased metabolic activity.
The recording of these thermal patterns of the body are used to aid in diagnosing and/or monitor inflammation, pain or illness in any part of the body. Unlike more familiar medical tests such as X-ray, mammogram or ultrasound, and MRI, which are tests of anatomy or structure, Thermography is a test of physiology. Thermal changes are often the earliest sign of vascular disease, immune dysfunction, and systemic inflammation. To the individual, Thermography can help visualize pain and inflammation and give a red flag warning to areas of concern whether or not symptoms are actually present.
The scan is harmless, non-invasive, no radiation, economical, medically approved technology, and requires only a minimal amount of your time. Thermography has helped many patients get to the cause of their condition so proper treatment can be rendered.
- Medical Thermography is indicated for those who wish to have an overall assessment of their body or a region of the body.
- Medical Thermography can graphically display and record the subjective feeling of pain by objectively displaying the changes in skin surface temperature that are produced by pain states. Medical Thermography’s major clinical value is in its sensitivity in the vascular, muscular, neural and skeletal systems and as such can contribute to an integrated assessment by the clinician.
- Medical DITI has been used extensively in human medicine in the USA, Europe and Asia for the past 20 years. Until now, cumbersome equipment has hampered its diagnostic and economic viability. Current state of the art PC based IR technology designed specifically for clinical application has changed all this.
Is Thermography covered by insurance?
Thermography is a fee for service clinic and all thermography scan images are interpreted by physicians trained by the American College of Clinical Thermography. Thermography and or Naturopathic Consultations may be covered through an Extended Benefit Plan, with the testing sometimes referred to as “Other Diagnostics” and or “Naturopathic Consultations”. Each policy varies so we recommend you check with the plan carrier. Thermography reports are interpreted by medical doctors and may be an eligible medical expense on your annual tax return.
Choosing thermography over more traditional medical screening will:
- help determine the cause of pain
- assist in early detection of disease and illness
- evaluate nerve irritation or significant soft tissue injury
- assist in a clear definition of a previously diagnosed injury or condition
- help to identify an abnormal area for further diagnostic testing
- follow progress of healing and rehabilitation
Thermography is a non-invasive, radiation free scan with no side effects and completely safe for all ages.
Is Thermography Safe?
Yes, thermography is 100% safe. There are no side-effects to having a thermography scan. Thermography is a non-invasive, no contact, radiation free procedure and it is safe for people of all ages and with all medical conditions. Please contact our office if you have any health related questions.
Do I need a referral from my health care provider?
No, you do not need a referral to have a thermography scan done. Simply call 613-829-71 00 or email email@example.com to contact our main office and find a clinic location near you to book your scan.
What Can I Expect During the Scan?
Undergoing a thermography scan is a simple, painless, non-invasive procedure. The patient disrobes (from the waist up for a breast scan and to the underwear for a full body scan) and a gown is provided. The imaging procedure takes approximately 20 to 45 minutes, depending on the type of thermography scan being performed. A Certified Clinical Thermographer will proceed with the scanning process with the patient in either a sitting or standing position. Its that simple.
Who Interprets The Thermography Scans And Are They Certified?
HealthSCAN Thermography Is located in Burlington, and have been providing thermography service on southern Ontario since 2008 (and with Revivelife since 2009). The reports are interpreted by ACCT MD Thermologists provided by EMI Service. There are no board certified MD Thermologists in Canada so they are based in the US.
How does the client receive their information?
Reports are returned to the Revivelife office by email within 10 business days and you will be contacted directly by Revivelife. The Revivelife professional will then discuss the already interpreted results with you as part of your Revivelife appointment. Any further questions your are welcome to email
Is The Cold Stress Technique Used?
Changes toward the view for the cold stress challenge have come forward. At HealthSCAN, we do not challenge and encourage our clients to understand the best results for thermography is to continue regular monitoring.
Is Mammography Also Recommended?
Thermography is a test of physiology, looking for changes within the breast tissue caused by an increase in vascular flow, increased or decreased temperatures and therefore causing a change in the cellular activity within the breast, all of which are not a structural state. Mammography is looking for already formed structural changes to the tissue and whether or not that structure is changing, like a mass. The two exams complement one another but the biggest difference is thermography is radiation free.
There are many breast conditions that change the consistency of breast tissue but, in fact, are benign. This is where thermography is helpful as it will monitor the blood flow, estrogen dominance and whether the suspicious area is increasing into an inflammatory state or toward a higher risk. Many of clients use thermography as a means to monitor and when indicated move towards a mammography. Other clients combine the two on a regular basis. We at Revivelife recommend both thermography , mammograms and other standard testing options as the only diagnostic for breast cancer is needle biopsy…..so all of the tests are not stand alone.
What makes Revivelife™ thermography different from the CT full body scans I’ve heard of?
Infrared scanning uses no radiation, so the test is harmless to you. Patients who are anxious about closed spaces, as with the CT scanner, are also more comfortable as the scan takes place either sitting or standing. This is a non-invasive scan with no bodily contact. Also, the scan gives a true reading through thermal imaging of how your body is doing in real time. Physiology is dynamic while the CT offers an anatomical, static image. Thermography is a compliment to standard medical diagnostic tests and one does not replace the other.
To Book An Appointment Click Here or Call 613-829-7100
Before you arrive for your thermographic examination, certain protocols must be followed in order to ensure that your images reflect accurate information.
- Temperature: If you are exposed to outside environmental extremes, such as very cold or warm temperatures, you should acclimate in a comfortable room temperature for approximately thirty (30) minutes
- Cancer Treatment: Patients who are post operative or have had any form of allopathic cancer treatment must wait until three (3) months has passed from the date of completion before imaging.
- Nursing Mothers: Nursing mothers must wait until two (2) months has passed from the date of completion before imaging. Note: thermography can be performed on nursing mothers if prescribed and post feeding at least 1 hour.
- IV Therapy: Patients who have received IV treatment must wait one day and dye injected imaging must wait one week.
- Cosmetic Treatments: Cosmetic treatments (i.e. botox, laser, fillers etc.) or tattoos to body areas being imaged must wait 3 months post final application.
- Tanning: No tanning salon or direct sun exposure (especially sunburn) to the body areas being imaged 3 days prior to the exam.
- Cosmetics & Lotions: Minimal use of lotions, creams, perfumes/colognes, powders or deodorant on the areas to be imaged the day of the exam.
- Shaving or Waxing: No shaving or waxing of the areas to be imaged the day of the exam.
- Treatments: No treatment (chiropractic, acupuncture, TENS, physical therapy, electrical muscle stimulation, ultrasound, hot or cold pack use) or massage of the areas to be imaged for 24 hours before the exam.
- Sauna: It is recommended to refrain from a sauna, steam-room or hot/cold packs in contact with the breasts for at least twenty-four (24) hours prior to the examination.
- Illness or Fever: You must not have had significant fevers within thirty-six (36) hours of the examination.
- Exercise: No exercise or physical stimulation of the areas to be imaged 4 hours prior to the exam.
- Showering: If bathing/showering, it must be no closer than 1 hour before the exam.
- Food & Beverage: No eating or drinking caffeine, alcohol, hot or cold beverages for 2 hours before the exam. No smoking for 2 hours before the exam.
- Medication & Supplements: Use your regular medications and supplements as prescribed.
- Breast Stimulation: If you are scheduled for a breast thermogram, the same protocols above applies along with no physical stimulation (self or clinical examination, ultrasound or mammogram) of the breasts for 24 hours before the exam.
- Jewelry: You may wear any necklaces with or without pendants unless they are so long as to touch the breasts or extend to the level of the cleavage. In fact, necklaces and pendants can be an asset to the technician as they may serve as an aid to obtaining a sharp focus.
Please note: During the examination you will be disrobed and gowned during part of the examination for both imaging and to allow for the surface temperature of the body to equilibrate with the room. (From the waist up for breast exams, and fully for full body scan, except underwear. The buttocks will be exposed so please wear thong or brief type.) No jewelry and hair will be tied back away from the face and neck. A female technician is provided for all female patients.
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The list below is a brief selection of scientific studies regarding general theoretical articles about thermography, followed by specific health conditions that demonstrate medical thermography’s efficacy as a diagnostic tool, for heading off problems before they become serious, and for determining the efficacy of a treatment.
- The Basic Theory and Clinical Application of Medical Thermography Yang Zibin. Journal of BioMedical Engineering Research, 2003.Â http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-SDSG200303001.htm
- Contemporary Applications of Infrared Imaging in Medical Diagnostics. Mikulska.Â Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis, vol. 52, no. 1 ([2006), pp. 35-39; discussion 39-40. http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/17131845
- Advances in Infrared Thermal Imaging Technology Min-Hau Zhou and Qian Chen.Â Infrared(2008). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-HWAI200802012.htm
- Infrared Thermography: Experience from a Decade of Pediatric Imaging European Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 167, no. 7 (2008),Â pp. 757-764.Â http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00431-007-0583-z#
- Thermography in Biomedicine Specific Requirements I. A. Nola, K. Gotovac, and Â D. Kolaric.Â ELMAR, 2012 Proceedings(2012), pp. 355-357. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login.jsp?tp=&arnumber=6338543&url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fxpls%2Fabs_all.jsp%3Farnumber%3D6338543
- Three-dimensional and thermal surface imaging produces reliable measures of joint shape and temperature: a potential tool for quantifying arthritis Steven J. Spaulding, C. Kent Kwoh, Robert Boudreau, et al.Â Arthritis Research & Therapy, vol. 10, no. 1 (2008). http://arthritis-research.com/content/10/1/r10
- Detection of Rheumatoid Arthritis Using Infrared Imaging Monique Frize, Cynthia Adea, Pierre Payeur, et al.Â SPIE Proceedings: Medical Imaging 2011, vol. 7962 (2011). http://proceedings.spiedigitallibrary.org/proceeding.aspx?articleid=724551
- Patellar Skin Surface Temperature by Thermography Reflects Knee Osteoarthritis Severity Anna E. Denoble, Norine Hall, Carl F. Pieper, et al.Â Clinical Medicine Insights: Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders, vol. 3 (2010), pp. 69 75. Available fromÂ http://www.la-press.com
- Thermography of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis N. Borojevic, D. Kolaric, and S. Grazio.Â ELMAR, 2011 Proceedings(2011), pp. 293-295.
- Application of Infrared Thermography as a Diagnostic Tool of Knee Osteoarthritis Ahlem Arafaoui, Â Mohamed Amine Bouzid, Â HervePron, et al.Â Journal of Thermal Science and Technology, vol. 7, no. 1 (2012), pp. 227-235. https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jtst/7/1/7_227/_article
- Breast Thermography and Cancer Risk Prediction.Â Michel Gautherie, Charles M. Gros.Cancer, vol. 45, no. 1 (January 1, 1980),Â pp. 51-56., et al. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.2820450110/pdf
- The Ville Marie study is the most cited study about the promise of thermography.http://www.mypinkimage.com/pdfs/Keyserlingk_Study.pdf
- A good overview of the issue of how thermography can supplement mammography and details of the Ville Marie study is found atÂ http://www.nemedtherm.com/docs/IEEEJour%20Canada%20Study%20mayjune2000.pdf
- A review of thermography as promising non-invasive detection modality for breast tumor. Ng. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, vol. 48 (2009), pp. 849-859.Â http://www.breastthermographynyc.com/PDF/A%20review%20of%20thermography%20as%20promising%20non-invasive%20detection.pdf
- A Comparative Review of Thermography as a Breast Screening Technique.ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â Deborah Kennedy, Tanya Lee, and Dugald Seely.Integrative Cancer Therapies, vol. 8, no. 1(2009), pp. 9-16 http://www.biocytonics.com/PDF/review-of-thermography-as-breast-screening-technique.pdf
- Thermography-based breast cancer analysis using statistical features and fuzzy classification.ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â Gerald Schaefera, Michal ZÃƒÆ’Ã‚Â¡viÃƒâ€¦Ã‚Â¡ekb, Tomoharu Nakashimac.Â Pattern Recognition, vol. 42, no. 6 (2009), pp. 1133-1137.Â http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031320308003270
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
- Thermographic observations in unilateral carpal tunnel syndrome: report of 61 cases.ÂÂ Tchou, BJ Costich, RC Burgess, et al. The Journal of Hand Surgery, vol. 4 ( July 1992), pp. 631-637. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1629541
- Application of Medical Thermography in the Diagnostics of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome J. Zivcak, L Madarasz, and R. Hudak.Computational Intelligence and Informatics(IEEE International Symposium), 2011, pp. 535-539. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login.jsp?tp=&arnumber=6108564&url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fxpls%2Fabs_all.jsp%3Farnumber%3D6108564
Also see Inflammation
- Thermography of the Cardiovascular System. Christodoulos Stefanadis, Konstantinos Toutouszas, and Sophia Vaina.Â The Journal of Interventional Cardiology, vol. 15, no. 6 (2002), pp. 461-466.Â http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1540-8183.2002.tb01089.x/abstract
Chronic Regional Pain Syndrome ( Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy)
- Validation of Thermography in the Diagnosis of Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy S. Breuhl, TR Lubenow, H. Nath, et al.Â The Clinical Journal of Pain, vol. 12, no. 4 (1996), pp. 316-325. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8969877
- Infrared Thermographic Imaging for the Assessment of Temperature Asymmetries in Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy M. Hassan, D. Hattery, V. Chernomordil, et. al.Â Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2003. Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE, vol.2 (2003), pp. 1002-1105.
- Thermography imaging during static and controlled thermoregulation in complex regional pain syndrome type 1: diagnostic value and involvement of the central sympathetic system Sjoerd P/ Noehof, Frank JPM Huygen, Rick WP van der Weerd, et al.BioMedical Engineering OnLine, Volume 5 (2006). http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1479347/
- Thermography in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and colorectal cancer: Evidence and review of the method.ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â Marko Banic, Darko Kolaric, Nikola Borojevic, et al.Periodicum Biologorum, vol 113, no. 4 (2011), pp. 339-444. http://hrcak.srce.hr/76949
Chronic Pelvic Inflammation
- Clinical Analysis on Chronic Pelvic Inflammation Diagnosed with Infrared Rays Image. Hong-yu Zhong, Ye-an Liang, and Gui-senLu.Heilongjiang Medical Journal, 2005. http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-HLYX200506016.htm
- Medical thermography: A diagnostic approach for type 2 diabetes based on non-contact infrared thermal imaging. Sivanandam, M. Anburajan, B. Venkatraman, et. al. http://www.academia.edu/1484084/Medical_thermography_a_diagnostic_approach_for_type_2_diabetes_based_on_non-contact_infrared_thermal_imaging
- Variations of plantar thermographic patterns in normal controls and non-ulcer diabetic patients: novel classification using angiosome concept. T. Nagase, H. Sanada, K. Takehara, et al.Â Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, vol. 64, no. 7 (July 2011), pp. 860-866. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21257357
- Coming events cast their shadows before: detecting inflammation in the acute diabetic foot and the foot in remission.Â Manish Bharara, Jeffrey Schoess, and David G. Armstrong.Â Diabetes/Metabolism: Research and Reviews, vol. 28 (2011), pp. 15-20.
- Screening for Osteomyelitis Using Thermography in Patients with Diabetic Foot. Makoto Oe, Rie Roselyne Yotsu, Hiromi Sananda, et al.Ulcers, vol. 2013 (2013).Â http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ulc/2013/284294/
- Infrared dermal thermography on diabetic feet soles to predict ulcerations: a case study.ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â Chanjuan Liu, Ferdi van Â der Heijden, Marvin E. Kein, et al.Â Proceedings of SPEI, Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic System IX, March 22, 2013. http://proceedings.spiedigitallibrary.org/proceeding.aspx?articleid=1671930
- Feasibility of a Thermographic Method for Early Detection of Foot Disorders in Diabetes K. Roback, M. Johansson, and A. Starkhammar.Â Diabetes Technologies and Therapeutics, vol. 11, no. 10 (2009) http://www.spectrasole.se/Feasibility%20_of_a_Thermographic_Method.PDF
- Potential Applications of Ocular Thermography. Philip B. Morgan; Meng Poey Soh, Nathan Efron, et al.Optometry and Vision Science, vol. 70, No. 7 (1993).Â http://journals.lww.com/optvissci/Abstract/1993/07000/Potential_Applications_of_Ocular_Thermography.8.aspx
- Infrared Thermography of the Tear Film in Dry Eye. Philip B Morgan, Andrew B Tullo,and Nathan Efron. Eye, vol. 9 (1995), pp. 615-618.
Headaches, including Migraines
- A Distinctive Facial Thermographic Pattern in Cluster Headache: The Chia Sign. Lee Kudrow, MD. HEADACHE:Â The Journal of Head and Face Pain, vol. 25, no. 1 (1985): 33-36.Â http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1526-4610.1985.hed2501033.x/abstract
- Thermography in the Diagnosis of Headache. RG Ford and KT Ford.Seminars in Neurology, vol. 17, no. 4 (1997), pp. 343-349. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9474714
- Usefullness [sic] of Thermography in Migraine Diagnosis. JH Kim, JP Seo, SM Kim, et al.Journal of the Korean Geriatric Society, vo.. 4, no.1 (2000), pp. 35-44. http://www.komci.org/GSResult.php?RID=0111JKGS%2F2000.4.1.35&DT=6
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
- Thermography in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and colorectal cancer: Evidence and review of the method. Marko Banic, Darko Kolaric, Nikola Borojevic, et al.Periodicum Biologorum, vol 113, no. 4 (2011), pp. 339-444. http://hrcak.srce.hr/76949
- Thermography in Posttraumatic Pain. Rubem Pochaczevsky, MD.The American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 15, no. 3 (June 1987), pp. 243-250. http://ajs.sagepub.com/content/15/3/243.short
- Infrared thermographic imaging in the detection of sympathetic dysfunction in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome.Â DJ Ben-Eliyahu,Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol. 15, no. 3 (1992), 164-170. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1573345
- The Use of Thermography in Sympathetically Maintained Pain. M.S. Friedman.Â The Iowa Orthopedic Journal, vol. 14 (1994),Â pp. 141-147. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2329028/
- Plantar Infrared Thermography Measurements and Low Back Pain Intensity. Zaproudina, Z. Ming, and OO. Hanninen.Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol. 29, no. 3 (Mar-Apr 2006), 219-223. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16584947
- Thermography in Psoriasis Vulgaris Evaluation. Zalewska, G. Gralewicz, and B. Wiecek.27th Annual International Conference Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2005, pp. 627-630.
- Infrared Thermography to Mass-Screen Suspected SARS Patients with Fever. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health. WT Chui, PW Lin, HY Chiou, et al. Vol. 24 (March 1, 2012), pp. 352-360. http://aph.sagepub.com/content/17/1/26.short
- Neo-Natal Non-contact Respiratory Monitoring Based on Real-Time Infrared Imaging Abbas K. Abbas, Konrad Heimann, Katrin Jergus, et al.BioMedical Engineering Online, VolumeÂ 10 (2011). http://www.biomedical-engineering-online.com/content/10/1/93
- Dynamic Infrared Thermography of the Nasal Vestibules: A New Method. KG Kastl, KM Wiesmiller, and J Lindemann.Rhinology, vol. 47, no. 1 (2009), 89-92. http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/19382503
Also see ArthritisÂ
- Juvenile Onset Localized Scleroderma Activity Detection by Infrared Thermography G. Martini, K. J. Murray, K. J. Howell, et al.Rheumatology, Â vol 41, no. 10 (2002 ), pp. 1178-1182.
- Thermography Detects Subclinical Inflammation in Chronic Tophaceous Gout. Martin Schiavenato and Ralf G. Thiele.Â Journal of Rheumatology, vol39, no. 1 (Jan 2012), pp. 182-183. http://www.jrheum.org/content/39/1/182.extract
- Assessment of Hand Osteoarthritis: Correlation between Thermographic and Radiographic Methods G. , CF Pieper, JB Renner, et al. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15126670
- Infrared Thermography in Sports Activity.Â Ahlem Arfaoui, Guillaume Polidori, Redha Taiar, et al. InTechOpen March 14, 2012; originally published as chapter 7 of the bookInfrared Thermography, edited by Raghu V.Prakash. http://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs/32034/InTech-Infrared_thermography_in_sports_activity.pdf
Spinal Issues and Back Pain
- Correlation of Thermography with Spinal Dysfunction: Preliminary Results. Peter RP Diakow, Sandra Ouellet, et al.The Journal of the Canadian Chiropratic Association, vol. 32, no. 2 (June 1988), pp. 77-80. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2484481/pdf/jcca00062-0023.pdf
- Methodological Aspects of Use of Infrared Thermography in Healthy Individuals and Patients with Non-specific Musculoskeletal Disorders. Nina Zaproudina. University of Eastern Finland. 2012. http://epublications.uef.fi/pub/urn_isbn_978-952-61-0653-3/urn_isbn_978-952-61-0653-3.pdf
- Digital Infrared Thermographic Imaging for Remote Assessment of Traumatic Injury. William H. Cooke, Gilbert Moralez, Chelsea R. Barrera, et al. Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 111, no. 6 (2011), pp. 1813-1818.
- An Overview of Recent Application of Medical Infrared Thermography in Sports Medicine in Austria. Sensors, volume 10 (2010), pp.4700-4715. http://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/10/5/4700/pdf
- The application of infrared thermography in evaluation of patients at high risk for lower extremity peripheral arterial disease. CL Huang, YW Wu, CL Hwang, et al.Journal of Vascular Surgery, vol 54, no. 4 (2011), pp. 1074-1080.Â http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21784604
- Medical Thermography Application in Neuro-vascular Disease Diagnostics. Tkacova, P Faffova, R Hudak, et al.Applied Machine Intelligence and Infomatics, 2010 IEEE 8th Annual International Symposium Proceedings, pp. 293-296. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5423715&url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fxpls%2Fabs_all.jsp%3Farnumber%3D5423715
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